After members of the RMT rail union voted 8:1 in favour of strike motion over jobs, pay and circumstances, their union has referred to as nationwide rail strikes for three dates in late June.
Union members at Network Rail and 13 practice operators will stage 24-hour walkouts on 21, 23 and 25 June.
What will the impact be? And are different disputes on the horizon?
These are the important thing questions and solutions:
What is the dispute about?
Britain’s largest rail union, the RMT, has referred to as three days of commercial motion at each Network Rail and 13 practice operators over pay, redundancies and “a guarantee there will be no detrimental changes to working practices”.
It says: “Network Rail and the train operating companies have subjected their staff to multi-year pay freezes and plan to cut thousands of jobs which will make the railways unsafe.”
The union’s basic secretary, Mick Lynch, has vowed “a sustained campaign of industrial action which will shut down the railway system”.
When are the strikes?
Tuesday 21, Thursday 23 and Saturday 25 June. The industrial motion will have an effect on companies after the strike dates, ie the Wednesday, Friday and Sunday.
The strike coincides with plenty of large occasions in late June:
- 22-26: Glastonbury
- 23 By-elections at Tiverton & Honiton and Wakefield
- 23-27: England v New Zealand cricket Test (Leeds)
- 24-26: British Athletics Championships (Manchester)
- 24: Elton John, BST Hyde Park gig
- 25: Armed Forces Day
- 25: Rolling Stones, BST Hyde Park gig
The stoppage might additionally have an effect on college college students who journey by practice – it coincides with historical past and physics exams.
The pattern over the previous few years in rail disputes is for a sequence of 24-hour strikes to be referred to as. That limits the monetary hit sustained by placing employees, however nonetheless causes widespread disruption.
How large was the bulk in favour of placing?
Of the 71 per cent of members who voted, 89 per cent backed strike motion. This represents 63 per cent of the workforce balloted, numbering greater than 25,000 employees.
According to the RMT, it’s “the biggest dispute on the network since 1989” and can contain 40,000 employees.
Just remind me about Network Rail and the practice operators …
Network Rail is the infrastructure supplier. The most crucial roles within the day-to-day working of the railway are the signallers, who quantity round 5,000.
Train operators are assigned a patch of the community on which to run trains. Those whose RMT members voted in favour of strike motion are:
- Avanti West Coast
- Chiltern Railways
- East Midlands Railway
- Greater Anglia
- South Western Railway
- TransPennine Express
- West Midlands Trains (together with London Northwestern Railway)
At one practice operator, GTR, the backing was too low to cross the edge for a strike. GTR runs Southern, Thameslink, Gatwick Express and Great Northern companies in southeast England.
The Island Line on the Isle of Wight is unaffected.
What would be the impact of the strike ?
The essential problem is the stroll out by Network Rail signallers. Management and different employees anticipate to have the ability to cowl about half the GB rail community for about 12 hours per day. On many strains, no trains will run in any respect.
Only essential strains and busy commuter companies might be served, primarily these radiating from London, and together with:
- West Coast essential line to Birmingham, Manchester and Glasgow
- Midland essential line to Leicester, Derby, Nottingham and Sheffield
- East Coast essential line to Leeds, York, Newcastle and Edinburgh,
- GWR to Bristol and Cardiff
In addition, key commuter strains serving London, Birmingham, Manchester, Leeds, Glasgow and Edinburgh might be stored open.
Last trains might go away as early as 2pm as a way to full their journeys by the point the community closes.
The direct financial harm is estimated at £30m per day.
How will the passengers reply?
Rail journey habits have essentially modified for the reason that begin of the coronavirus pandemic, with many former commuters in a position to do business from home. For them, the strikes might be irrelevant.
Key employees who should be current at their place of employment – from well being service employees and academics to hospitality staff – might be badly affected.
Some leisure and enterprise passengers might abandon plans to purchase advance tickets for summer season dates due to the specter of a stoppage.
The latest rise in practice fares, mixed with a reduce in gas responsibility to assist drivers with the hovering value of petrol might be transferring travellers from rail to street – a longer-term pattern more likely to speed up with every day of commercial motion.
What are my rights if my practice is cancelled?
You might declare a full refund, however for those who can l you need to use your ticket on any practice on adjoining days.
Train operators is not going to meet claims for various transport.
What does both sides say?
The RMT says: “We have a cost of living crisis, and it is unacceptable for railway workers to either lose their jobs or face another year of a pay freeze when inflation is at 11.1pc and rising.
“Rail companies are making at least £500m a year in profits, whilst fat cat rail bosses have been paid millions during the Covid-19 pandemic.
“This unfairness is fuelling our members’ anger and their determination to win a fair settlement.
“RMT is open to meaningful negotiations with rail bosses and ministers, but they will need to come up with new proposals to prevent months of disruption on our railways.”
Steve Montgomery, group chair of the Rail Delivery Group, representing practice operators, mentioned: “No one wins in the event of a strike. Staff lose pay, the industry loses vital revenue making it harder to afford pay increases, and passengers and businesses are disrupted.
“While we will keep as many services running as possible, sadly if this action goes ahead, significant disruption will be inevitable. We therefore urge passengers to plan their journeys carefully and find alternative ways to travel during the strike period where possible.”
Ultimately the federal government will resolve what could be provided. Transport secretary Grant Shapps mentioned: “It is incredibly disappointing the RMT have decided to take action that could drive passengers away from the rail network for good.
“The pandemic has changed travel habits – with 25 per cent fewer ticket sales and the taxpayer stepping in to keep the railways running at a cost of £16bn, equivalent to £600 per household. We must act now to put the industry on a sustainable footing.”
Could we see even longer strikes?
Unlikely. The desire of the RMT union is for repeated one-day strikes.
There are just a few exceptions, resembling the South Western Railway strike in December 2019, during which RMT members took industrial motion for nearly the complete month in a dispute over the position of guards. The practice operator ran about half its regular companies.
Anything else within the offing?
Transport for Wales and ScotRail weren’t concerned within the RMT poll – however ScotRail is presently cancelling 700 trains per day because of a dispute involving the practice drivers’ union, Aslef.
The white-collar rail union, TSSA, is threatening what its basic secretary referred to as “a summer of discontent”. Members are being consulted forward of a potential strike poll if pay fails to maintain tempo with inflation – which hit 9 per cent final week.
Ministers say they might mandate a minimal degree of staffing. How would that work?
The transport secretary advised parliament: “We can no longer tolerate a position where rail workers can exercise their right to strike without any regard for how the rights of others are affected. Nurses, teachers and other working people who rely on the railway must be able to travel.
“Minimum service levels are a government manifesto commitment, and they will require train operators to run a base number of services even in the event of future strike action.
“We will be bringing in legislation to protect the travelling public if agreement cannot be reached when major disruption is expected, as with the strikes this week.
But Mick Lynch said: “Any attempt by Grant Shapps to make effective strike action illegal on the railways will be met with the fiercest resistance from RMT and the wider trade union movement.
“We have not fought tooth and nail for railway workers since our forebears set up the Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants in 1872, in order to meekly accept a future where our members are prevented from legally withdrawing their labour.”
Here is a breakdown of among the delays and closures on the main networks this week
Avanti West Coast has warned that the strike motion will trigger fewer trains to run, whereas some stations can have no service in any respect. Disruption updates can be found by way of its webpage.
A spokesperson for the operator warned that journey on its routes is also disrupted on dates both aspect of the motion, and “strongly” suggested passengers “to only travel by rail if necessary on strike days”.
C2C equally mentioned it anticipated “significant disruption” to hit companies on each the strike dates and the times round them. It urged passengers to restrict journey to “essential” circumstances solely and to “work from home if you can.”
“On the C2C route, we will be operating a reduced service from 07:30-18:30, equating to less than a third of normal service levels,” it added. Full particulars of disruption to C2C companies can be found here.
Meanwhile, all companies have been cancelled by Caledonian Sleeper from Monday to Friday this week (no trains run on Saturdays anyway).
Chiltern Railways has mentioned that strike motion will trigger its companies to start out at 8am and end earlier than 6pm this week.
Just two trains per hour will run to and from London Marylebone, one to Banbury and the opposite to Aylesbury Vale Parkway by way of High Wycombe. Last trains from Marylebone, London, would be the 3.10pm to Banbury, 4.10pm to Bicester North and 4.45pm to Aylesbury Vale Parkway by way of High Wycombe.
Transport for London can even be badly affected by motion on Tuesday, Thursday and Sunday.
Strikes within the capital will happen on Tuesday till Wednesday morning, and can impression the Elizabeth line, London Overground companies, and a few Tube companies. The particulars could be learn in full here.
Although Southern employees is not going to be on strike, “severe disruption” to its companies is predicted. From Tuesday to Sunday, it is going to “operate limited opening hours with services starting later and finishing much earlier than usual,” a spokesperson mentioned. More data is accessible on its website.
Some of essentially the most acute disturbance might be seen on Thameslink companies, which mentioned that many stations and routes might be closed. Those working will function from round 7.15am till late afternoon, the main points of which could be learn here.
No trains will run by the central London core between St Pancras and London Bridge.
Key strains into main UK airports can even be badly affected by the economic motion. Gatwick Express companies is not going to run in any respect on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday this week, although various trains can be found.
Heathrow Express has mentioned its companies can even be considerably affected and has urged clients to “allow additional time when travelling on these days.”
Meanwhile, Stansted Express is advising that passengers keep away from all however completely obligatory journey.
“Services running will only operate from 7.30am, with the last trains finishing their journeys by 6.30pm,” a spokesperson mentioned, including: “There will be two trains an hour (reducing to one train an hour on Thursday 23 June, when train drivers are also on strike).”
The first and final trains from Stansted Airport to London Liverpool Street might be 7.42am and 5.12pm, whereas the primary and final trains from London Liverpool Street to Stansted Airport might be 8.10am and 5.40pm.
More data is accessible by way of their respective web sites.
Last trains to London, Leeds and Edinburgh by way of LNER have been pushed ahead to a considerably earlier time than regular, based on the operator’s website. It will run round 38 per cent of its regular trains.
“If you can avoid travelling over this period we recommend doing so,” a spokesperson mentioned.
“If you do need to travel, please check our website and journey planner before your journey.”
A diminished service might be run by CrossCountry and advance ticket purchases have been suspended on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday this week. It has additionally warned that days in between the strike motion may be affected. Read extra here.
A considerably diminished service can even be operated by East Midlands Railway each on and round strike days. It additionally warned passengers to “expect some disruption to the advertised service levels, particularly on Wednesday, Friday and Sunday.” All adjustments to its route could be learn on its webpage.
Similar plans are in place for Grand Central’s two routes on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday. Reservations are obligatory on nowadays and clients with out reservations is not going to be permitted to board. Its strike timetable is accessible here.
Great Western has mentioned it is going to function as “many trains as possible” however warned clients its companies might be “severely affected” from 21 to 25 June. According to its website, an especially restricted service will function on strike days between 7.30am and 6.30pm. On non-strike days, no companies will run earlier than 7am.
Greater Anglia has mentioned that none of its regional and department strains trains will run on strike days, whereas a restricted service will function elsewhere between 7.30am and 6.30pm. It urged passengers to examine its webpage, app or social media earlier than travelling.
A spokesperson added: “Unfortunately, there will be a knock-on effect on the day before and after each strike, so first train times will be later than usual. Also last train times on the days before strikes could be affected.”
Northern has mentioned that companies won’t be able to function on “most routes” because of “extremely limited availability of both train crew and signalling staff” on strike days. It additionally mentioned there might be no substitute buses or various journey offered. Read extra here.
A restricted variety of companies will function on simply 5 ScotRail routes within the Central Belt, whereas all others might be suspended, based on its website.
A spoksperson mentioned: “This dispute does not involve ScotRail staff, however it will have a major knock-on effect on the train operator’s ability to provide services as the RMT planned action will involve Network Rail staff in Scotland.”
SouthWestern will supply a severely restricted service between 7.15am and 6.30pm on some routes, with the remainder of the community closed. The operator has urged clients solely to journey if completely obligatory between 21 and 26 June. More data could be seen here.
Most of SouthEastern’s stations and routes might be closed and spokesperson mentioned it “will only be able to run a severely reduced service,” including: “Only travel by rail if necessary. If you do travel, expect severe disruption and plan ahead. We strongly recommend you plan ahead and make alternative plans.” Visit its website for extra particulars on the disruption to its companies.
Transport for Greater Manchester has mentioned that every one of its strains will run to their regular frequency and instances, bar the Altrincham to Timperley route which is able to solely be from 7am to 7pm on strike days, and can run each 2 minutes. Read extra here.
TransPennine Express says it is going to run an amended timetable on RMT strike motion dates, which is able to see a big discount in accessible companies, the main points of that are outlined on its webpage. “We’re advising customers to only travel if journeys are essential and to seek alternative means of transport if possible,” a spokesperson mentioned.
Customers have been suggested by Transport for Wales to not journey by practice on 21, 23 and 25 June as most of its companies might be suspended on these days.
According to its website, the one companies working on these dates might be a diminished service between Radyr and Treherbert, Aberdare and Merthyr Tydfil, with substitute bus companies between Radyr and Cardiff Central.
West Midlands Railway has mentioned the strike can have “considerable impact on the number of trains we are able to run. A spokesperson added: “We will be running a very limited service on these dates between 7.30am and 6.30pm only.
“Due to the knock-on impact of the strike, a very limited service will also be running on Wednesday 22 June 2022 and Friday 24 June 2022.
“Our advice to customers is to only travel during this time if your journey is essential and you have no other means of transport available. If you do travel, expect severe disruption and plan ahead.”
Read extra here.